Islam Theology -- what the Quran teaches

Mohammed's teachings are included in the Quran, and also in the "Hadiths".
A Hadith is a collection of Mohammed's words and deeds according to his wives, relatives and companions. Next to the Quran, it is the most important part of Islamic law; its teachings are just as binding. The Hadith is recorded in many books, and there are volumes of Hadiths recorded from teachings of Caliphs after Mohammed. Not all of them are agreed upon by all Muslims.

The verses we are going to look at give us a taste of the teaching of Mohammed, the prophet of Islam. Some of them may shock you, and some may amuse you.

Let's start with what the Quran has to say about Jewish and Christian theology:
about the basic beliefs of the Bible.

  1. The Deity of Christ. The Quran says that Jesus is not God.
    From Sura 5: The Dinner Table:
    Mohammed said that Jesus said he was not God. He and his mother were just humans. They ate food.

    It's interesting to note that the Quran calls Jesus the Messiah. It gives him that title which means the same thing to them as it means to us: The Savior from God. It says he had that title, but then it also says that He was not from God.

    The Quran also says that Jesus was not the Son of God.
  2. The Birth of Jesus:

    Here is the story of Jesus' birth, as related in the Quran in Sura 19, entitled "Mary".

    "And mentioned in the Book Mary when she withdrew from her people to an eastern place, she took a veil apart from them; then We sent unto her Our Spirit that presented himself to her a man without fault. ... He said, 'I am but a messenger come from thy Lord, to give thee a boy most pure.' She said, 'How shall I have a son, whom no mortal has touched, neither have I been unchaste?' He said, 'Even so, thy Lord has said, " Easy is that for Me, and that We may appoint him a sign unto men and a mercy from Us; it is a thing decreed'" So she conceived him, and withdrew with him to a distant place. And the birth pangs surprised her by the trunk of the palm tree. She said, 'Would I had died ere this, and become a thing forgotten!' But the one that was below her called to her, 'Nay, do not sorrow; see, thy Lord hath set below thee a rivulet. Shake also to thee the palm trunk, and there shall come tumbling upon thee dates fresh and ripe. Eat therefore, and drink, and be comforted.' Then she brought the child to her folk, carrying him; and they said, 'Mary, thou hast surely committed a monstrous thing! Sister of Aaron, thy father was not a wicked man, nor was thy mother a woman unchaste.' He [Jesus] said, 'Lo, I am God's servant; God has given me the Book, and made me a Prophet. Blessed He has made me, wherever I may be; and He has enjoined me to pray, and to give the alms as long as I live, and likewise to cherish my mother; He has not made me arrogant, unprosperous. Peace be upon me, the day I was born, and the day I die, and the day I am raised up alive!'"

    In case you got lost in the stilted language of the translation:
  3. About the Crucifixion, the Quran says:

    God sealed them [the Jews] for their unbelief, so they believe not, except a few -- and for their unbelief, and their uttering against Mary a mighty calumny, and for their saying, "We slew he Messiah, Jesus son of Mary, the messenger of God" -- yet they did not slay him neither crucified him, only a likeness of that was shown to them. --(from Sura 4, Women)

    In other words, Jesus was not crucified. Someone was crucified in his place. Islam vehemently rejects the crucifixion of Jesus.

  4. Paradise
    "Those are they brought nigh the Throne, in the Gardens of Delight (a throng of the ancients and how few of the latter folk) upon close-wrought couches, reclining upon them, set face to face, immortal youths (boys and girls) going round about them with goblets, and ewers, and a cup from a spring (no brows throbbing, no intoxication) and such fruits as they shall choose, and such flesh of fowl as they desire, and wide-eyed houris [virgins] as the likeness of hidden pears, a recompense for that they laboured." --(from Sura 55, The All-Merciful).

    This is one of the verses from which the promise of a reward for dying in a Jihad comes. This verse does not say how many virgins are there, but it has been expanded by some Muslim leaders to promise 72 for martyrdom in a Jihad.

  5. About Hell, the Quran says:
    "But for the insolent awaits an ill resort, Gehenna, wherein they are roasted an evilcradling! All this; so let them taste it -- boiling water and pus, and other torments of the like kind coupled together." --(from Sura 44, Smoke).

    Although a little graphic, they have that one close to right.

  6. The Trinity:
    According to Mohammed, there is no Trinity. Islam rejects the concept as blasphemous.

    "They do blaspheme who say Allah is one of three in a Trinity, for there is no god except One Allah". --(Sura 5:73)

    Islam doesn't know the loving Fatherhood of God. That intimate relationship with God is foreign to Islam and condemned by the Quran.

  7. The Son:
    Islam cannot accept the role of Jesus as the Son of God.
  8. The Holy Spirit:
    Islam looks upon the Holy Spirit as a created spirit, the same as an angel. In several places, the Quran uses "Holy Spirit" to mean an angel.
    Regarding Jesus' promise of the Holy Spirit: Muslims claim this can mean none other than the prophet Mohammed.
  9. Jesus' Return, and Judgment:
  10. The Millennium:
    After his return to earth, Jesus will marry, have children, and will remain on earth for 19 years after marriage. He will pass away and Muslims will perform his funeral and bury him next to Mohammed.